A wide range of therapies are used for dissociative disorders. It generally involves you talking to the therapist about your condition and related issues. You counsellor will them help you understand the causes of the condition and find coping strategies to cope with stressful situations.
Other treatment options that have been proven to help dissociative disorders include creative art therapy, somatic therapy, sensorimotor psychotherapy and other trauma-informed approaches. With the help of a qualified counsellor, these methods can help you shift out of dissociation into a more embodied sense of self, and into greater presence in a way that will improve your life.
Most of the time the person who is dissociating does not realize it is happening, the key strategy to deal with dissociation is grounding, meaning connecting back to the here and now.
Some strategies you can use to help ground someone include:
- Firmly get attention to make eye contact (call out, snap fingers, wave hand).
- Make direct observation about state of dissociation (“Seems like you spaced out, where did you go?”, etc.).
- Have the person talk about where they are currently, what they are doing.
- Ask the person to do something grounding (“Name 5 things you see, feel, or hear”, “Count how many blue items you can see”, etc.)
- Give something grounding to do: calming smell (e.g.lavender), eat a piece of candy describe it, push feet into the ground, get up and move around